Archive for November, 2011

KI-Media2 KI Media អង្គការ​សិទ្ធិ​មនុស្ស​ Amnesty អំពា វនាវ​ឲ្យ​បញ្ឈប់​ការបណ្តេញ​ពលរដ្ឋ​កម្ពុជា ​​ចេញ​ពី​លំនៅដ្ឋាន​​ដោយ​ការ​បង្ខំ

30 November, 2011
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បុរស​ម្នាក់​ឈរ​នៅ​ផ្ទះ​មួយ​ខ្នង​នៅ​តំបន់​បឹងកក់​ក្នុង​រាជធានី​ភ្នំពេញ កាល​ពី​ខែ​សីហា ២០១១។ ប្រជាពលរដ្ឋ​ប្រមាណ​១៥០០០នាក់​ត្រូវ​បាន​បណ្តេញ​ចេញ​ពី​ផ្ទះសម្បែង​របស់​ ពួកគេ ហើយ​៣៥០០នាក់​ស្ថិត​នៅ​ក្នុង​តំបន់​នេះ​នៅឡើយ។ (រូបថត៖ Reuters)

ថ្ងៃពុធ, 30 ខែវិច្ឆិកា 2011 VOA
ដោយ Robert Carmichael | ភ្នំពេញ

Click here to read the article in English:
Amnesty Calls for Halt to Cambodian Forced Evictions

អ្នកស្រី​ចង់​ឲ្យ​អ្នកប្រើប្រាស់​ទំនិញ​នៅក្នុង​​សហភាព​អឺរ៉ុប​​​​ធ្វើ​ពហិកា​កុំទិញ​ស្ករ​របស់​​កម្ពុជា​ អ្នកស្រី​និយាយ​ថា​ ស្ករ​នោះ​​កើត​ចេញ​ពី​ដី​ ជីវិត​និង​ឈាម​របស់​ប្រជា​ពលរដ្ឋ​ដែល​បាន​ត្រូវគេ​បណ្តេញ​ចេញ​ពី​ដី​របស់​ខ្លួន។

អង្គការ​សិទ្ធិមនុស្ស​ Amnesty​ International ​បាន​អំពាវនាវ​ដល់​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​​កម្ពុជា​កាល​ពី​សប្តាហ៍​មុន​​ឲ្យ​បញ្ឈប់​ការបណ្តេញ​ចេញ​ពី​លំនៅដ្ឋាន​ដោយ​ការ​បង្ខិត​បង្ខំ​ដែល​កំពុង​ប៉ះពាល់​​ដល់​មនុស្ស​រាប់​ម៉ឺន​នាក់​ ​និង​ជាបញ្ហា​មួយ​ដែល​មិនបាន​បង្ហាញ​នូវ​សញ្ញា​ស្រាកស្រាន​ឡើយ។ អង្គការ​សិទ្ធិមនុស្ស​ Amnesty ​ប្រាប់​ឲ្យ​ដឹង​ទៀត​ថា​ ស្រ្តី​ កំពុង​ចេញមុខ​កាន់​តែ​ច្រើនឡើង​ក្រោក​​ឈរ​ប្រឆាំង​ដើម្បី​ទាមទារ​សិទ្ធិ​ដីធ្លី។​ របាយការណ៍​របស់​អង្គការ​សិទ្ធិមនុស្ស ​Amnesty ​ប្រាប់​ឲ្យ​ដឹង​ពី​រឿងរ៉ាវ​​របស់​​ស្រ្តី​៥នាក់​​មកពី​ទូទាំង​ប្រទេស​កម្ពុជា​ដែល​ត្រូវ​បាន​រងផល​ប៉ះ​ពាល់​​ដោយ​សារ​ការ​បណ្តេញ​ចេញ​ពី​ផ្ទះ​សម្បែង​ដោយ​បង្ខិត​បង្ខំ។

អង្គការ​សិទ្ធិ​មនុស្ស​ ប្រាប់​ឲ្យ​ដឹងទៀត​ថា​​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​កម្ពុជា​កំពុង​មិន​អើពើ​ពី​កាតព្វកិច្ច​អន្តរជាតិ​របស់​ខ្លួន​​ដោយ​ការ​អនុវត្ត​ការ​បណ្តេញ​ចេញ​ពី​​ផ្ទះ​សម្បែង​ដោយ​បង្ខំ។​ ហើយ​ អង្គការ​ប្រាប់​ឲ្យ​ដឹងទៀត​ថា​រដ្ឋាភិបាល​ទីក្រុង​ភ្នំពេញ​ប្រថុយ​នឹង​ការ​ខូច​ដល់​សមិទ្ធិផល​ដែល​​ខ្លួន​បាន​ខំ​ប្រឹងប្រែង​ធ្វើ​ក្នុង​រយៈពេល​២០​ឆ្នាំ​ដើម្បី​កាត់​បន្ថយ​ភាព​ក្រីក្រ។

លោកស្រី​ ដុនណា ហ្កេស (Donna​ Guest) ​ជា​នាយក​រង​ទទួល​បន្ទុក​តំបន់​អាស៊ី​ប៉ាស៊ីហ្វិក​នៃ​អង្គការ​សិទ្ធិ​មនុស្ស​ Amnesty ​International ​បាន​បញ្ជាក់​ថា៖

«អង្គការ​សិទ្ធិ​មនុស្ស​ Amnesty ​International ​បាន​អំពាវនាវ​​អស់​រយៈពេល​ជា​ច្រើន​ឆ្នាំ​​ហើយ​ឲ្យ​បញ្ចប់​​ការ​បណ្តេញ​ចេញ​ពី​លំនៅដ្ឋាន​ដោយ​បង្ខំ។ យើង​បាន​​ប្រមូល​ចង​ក្រង​ឯកសារ​​យ៉ាង​ច្រើន​ហើយ​ជា​ការពិត​អង្គការ​សង្គម​ស៊ីវិល​ដ៏​សកម្ម​ក៏​បាន​ប្រមូល​ចងក្រង​ឯកសារ​ហើយ​បាន​រាយការណ៍​ពី​ការ​អនុវត្ត​នេះ​ដែល​ជា​ការ​ខុស​ច្បាប់​​នៅ​ក្រោម​ច្បាប់​អន្តរជាតិ»។

លោកស្រី​ Guest ​មាន​ប្រសាសន៍​បន្តទៀត​ថា​ អង្គការ​សិទ្ធិ​មនុស្ស​ Amnesty ​ចង់​ផ្តោត​លើ​ស្រ្តី​ហើយ​នឹង​ប្រាប់​រឿង​រ៉ាវ​របស់​ពួកគេ​ក្នុង​​​នាម​ជា​អ្នក​ការពារ​សិទ្ធិ​មនុស្ស​​​ជា​មាតា​និង​ជា​ភរិយា។

«ការណ៍​នេះ​បង្ហាញ​​ពី​មុខមាត់​មនុស្ស​ដែល​ត្រូវ​គេ​បណ្តេញ​ចេញ​ មនុស្ស​ទាំង​អស់​នោះ ​មិនមែន​គ្រាន់​តែ​ជា​ស្ថិតិ​ទេ​ មនុស្ស​ទាំងនោះ​ មាន​ជីវិត​ពិត។ មនុស្ស​ទាំងអស់​នោះ​ មាន​ផល​វិបាក​ដ៏​ធ្ងន់ធ្ងរ​​ ពួកគេ​ខ្លះ​បាន​បាត់​បង់់​ផ្ទះ​សម្បែង​ ទ្រព្យ​សម្បត្តិ​ទាំង​អស់​របស់​ពួកគេ​​ គ្រួសារ​បាន​ត្រូវបែក​បាក់​គ្នា។ ​ដោយ​ហេតុ​ដូច្នេះ​ហើយ​ យើង​ស្ថិត​នៅ​ទីនេះ​សព្វថ្ងៃ​នេះ​ដើម្បី​បង្ហាញ​ពី​ការណ៍​ពិត​របស់​មនុស្ស​ទាំង​នេះ»។

ពេល​ចាប់​ផ្តើម​ផ្សាយ​សេចក្តី​រាយការណ៍​ លោកស្រី​ Guest ​បាន​ត្រូវ​អម​ដោយ​ស្រ្តី​កម្ពុជា​៣​នាក់​ដែល​បាន​រង​ផល​ប៉ះពាល់​ដោយ​សារ​ការបណ្តេញ​ចេញ​ពី​ផ្ទះ​សម្បែង។

អ្នកស្រី​ ហុង ម៉ៃ ​ជា​ស្រ្តី​ម្នាក់​ក្នុង​ចំណោម​ស្រ្តី​ទាំង​៣​នាក់​​ដែល​ត្រូវ​បាន​បណ្តេញ​ចេញ​​ពី​ផ្ទះ​របស់​អ្នកស្រី​​ក្នុង​តំបន់​ភាគ​ពាយ័ព្យ​នៃ​ប្រទេស​កម្ពុជា​កាល​ពី​២ឆ្នាំ​មុន​​ដើម្បី​យក​ដី​សម្បទាន​ដាំអំពៅ​សម្រាប់​ធ្វើ​ស្ករ​ប្រគល់​ទៅ​ឲ្យ​​សមាជិក​ព្រឹទ្ធ​សភា​ខាង​គណបក្ស​កំពុង​កាន់​អំណាច។

អ្នកស្រី​ និយាយ​ថា​ពួក​រដ្ឋអំណាច​ប្រដាប់​ទៅ​ដោយ​អាវុធ​បាន​បំផ្លាញ​​ផ្ទះ​របស់​អ្នកស្រី​និង​ទ្រព្យសម្បត្តិ​ទាំងអស់​របស់​អ្នកស្រី​នៅ​ពេល​ដែល​ពួកគេ​បាន​ដុត​បំផ្លាញ​ភូមិ​របស់​អ្នកស្រី​ហើយ​បាន​បង្ខំ​ឲ្យ​ចេញពី​លំនៅដ្ឋាន។

អ្នកស្រី​ ហុង ម៉ៃ ​មាន​ផ្ទៃពោះ​៥​ខែ​ ទោះ​ជាយ៉ាង​ណាក៏ដោយ​ អ្នកស្រី​បាន​ធ្វើ​ដំណើរ​មកកាន់​រាជធានី​ប៉ុន្មាន​ថ្ងៃ​ក្រោយមក​ដើម្បី​ស្វះ​ស្វែង​រក​ការជួយ​ពី​នាយករដ្ឋមន្រ្តី​ហ៊ុន​ សែន​ អ្នកស្រី​ បាន​ត្រូវ​គេ​ចោទ​ប្រកាន់​ពី​ការ​រំលោភ​ច្បាប់​ស្តីពី​ព្រៃឈើ​ហើយ​បាន​ចាប់​​អ្នកស្រី​ដាក់​ពន្ធនាគារ។

ប្រាំបី​ខែ​ក្រោយ​មក​ ​ អ្នកស្រី​​បាន​ត្រូវ​គេ​ដោះលែង​បន្ទាប់​ពី​ចុះ​ហត្ថលេខា​លើ​កិច្ច​ព្រម​ព្រៀង​​មួយ​ដើម្បី​ដកពាក្យ​​បណ្តឹង​​របស់​គាត់​ដែល​​អ្នកស្រី​បាន​ប្តឹង​​អំពី​ដី​របស់​គាត់។ អ្នកស្រី​ ហុង ម៉ៃ មិន​បាន​ជួប​ប្តី​របស់​គាត់​ចាប់​តាំង​ពីពេល​នោះមក​ ហើយ​អ្នក​ស្រី​និង​កូន​​៥​នាក់​របស់​គាត់​បាន​ក្លាយ​ទៅ​ជា​ជន​ទុគ៌ត។

អ្នកស្រី​ចង់​ឲ្យ​អ្នកប្រើប្រាស់​ទំនិញ​នៅក្នុង​​សហភាព​អឺរ៉ុប​​​​ធ្វើ​ពហិកា​កុំទិញ​ស្ករ​របស់​​កម្ពុជា​ អ្នកស្រី​និយាយ​ថា​ ស្ករ​នោះ​​កើត​ចេញ​ពី​ដី​ ជីវិត​និង​ឈាម​របស់​ប្រជា​ពលរដ្ឋ​ដែល​បាន​ត្រូវគេ​បណ្តេញ​ចេញ​ពី​ដី​របស់​ខ្លួន។

លោកស្រី​ Guest ​មាន​ប្រសាសន៍​បន្តទៀត​ថា​អង្គការ​សិទ្ធិ​មនុស្ស​​ Amnesty ​មិន​ប្រកាន់​យក​គោលជំហរ​​លើ​បញ្ហា​នានា​ដូចជា​ការដាក់​ទណ្ឌកម្ម​ទេ​ ប៉ុន្តែ​អង្គការ​នេះ​ បាន​ប្រកាន់​ជំហរ​រឹងមាំ​ថា​ព្រឹត្តិការណ៍​នេះ​​ មិនគួរ​ធ្វើ​ឲ្យ​ខូច​ប្រយោជន៍​សិទ្ធិ​មនុស្ស​ទេ។ ​ហើយ​ក្នុង​នាម​ជា​អង្គការ​មួយ​ដែល​មាន​ទីតាំង​នៅ​អឺរ៉ុប​ បុគ្គលិក​របស់​អង្គការ​សិទ្ធិ​មនុស្ស ​Amnesty ​នឹង​បន្ត​​ជួប​ជាមួយ​សមាជិក​សភា​​​នៅ​ក្នុង​ទីក្រុង​ Brussels ​និង​ប្រទេស​ដទៃ​ទៀត​នៅ​អឺរ៉ុប។

«យើង​នឹង​ស្នើ​សុំឲ្យ​សមាជិក​​​របស់​យើង​នៅ​ក្នុង​ប្រទេស​នានា​នៅ​អឺរ៉ុប​ ដែល​មាន​សកម្មភាព​យ៉ាង​ខ្លាំង​​លើ​បញ្ហា​នេះ​ ធ្វើ​ការ​អំពាវនាវ​​ដល់​សមាជិ​កសភា​របស់​ពួក​គេ​ ហើយ​ក៏​បង្កើន​​​ការ​យល់​ដឹង​ពី​បញ្ហា​នេះ​ដែរ។ ខ្ញុំ​គិត​ពី​ផ្នែក​មួយនៃ​យុទ្ធសាស្រ្ត​​​​តស៊ូ​មតិ​គាំទ្រ​ ត្រូវតែ​បង្កើន​ការ​យល់​ដឹង​ ​ធ្វើ​ដូច្នេះ​ ​មនុស្ស​យល់​ដឹង​ពី​អ្វី​ដែល​កំពុង​កើត​មាន​ឡើង។ មនុស្ស​ជាច្រើន​ មិន​យល់​ដឹង​​​ពី​អ្វី​ដែល​កំពុង​កើត​មាន​ឡើង​​នៅ​ក្នុង​ប្រទេស​កម្ពុជា​ទេ​ហើយ​របាយ​ការណ៍​នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​នេះ​ ជា​ការ​ប៉ុនប៉ង​មួយ​ដើម្បី​ធ្វើ​ឲ្យ​បញ្ហា​នេះ​ផុសចេញ​ឡើង ​ធ្វើ​ឲ្យ​មាន​ការយក​ចិត្ត​ទុកដាក់​ពី​អន្តរជាតិ​រួមមាន​​បណ្តា​​ប្រទេស​នៅ​ក្នុង​សហភាព​អឺរ៉ុប​ផង»។

ការ​ផ្តោត​ការ​ចាប់​អារម្មណ៍​របស់​អង្គការ​សិទ្ធិមនុស្ស​ Amnesty ​​លើ​ស្រ្តី​និង​សិទ្ធិ​ដីធ្លី​ បាន​ត្រូវ​គូស​បញ្ជាក់​​នៅពេល​ដែល​សកម្មជន​សិទ្ធិ​ដីធ្លី​ដ៏​សំខាន់​ម្នាក់​​នៅ​ទីតាំង​ដ៏​ធំ​មួយ​នៃ​ការ​បណ្តេញ​ចេញ​ពី​លំនៅដ្ឋាន​បឹងកក់​កណ្តាល​ទីក្រុង​ភ្នំពេញ​បាន​ធ្វើ​អត្តឃាត​នៅ​សប្តាហ៍​នេះ។

អ្នកស្រី​ ជា ដារ៉ា ​មាន​កូន​២​នាក់​ បាន​លោត​ពី​លើ​ស្ពាន​​​​កាល​ពី​ថ្ងៃ​អង្គារ​បន្ទាប់​ពី​គ្រួសារ​របស់​អ្នកស្រី​​បាន​ត្រូវ​គេ​បដិសេធ​ពុំ​​ផ្តល់​ដី​​ឲ្យ​​នៅ​​មាត់​បឹង​នោះ​បន្ទាប់​ពី​ការ​ប្រយុទ្ធ​​អស់​រយៈពេល​៥​ឆ្នាំ។

នៅ​ឯ​ពិធី​ផ្សព្វផ្សាយ​របាយការណ៍​របស់​អង្គការ​សិទ្ធិ​មនុស្ស ​Amnesty ​ពួក​សកម្មជន​ជា​សហការី​របស់​អ្នកស្រី​ ជា ដារ៉ា ​បាន​ស្លៀក​​សម្លៀក​បំពាក់​​ពណ៌​ខ្មៅ​ដើម្បី​​កាន់​ទុក្ខ​​អ្នកស្រី៕

ប្រែ​សម្រួល​ដោយ​ ជឹង​ ប៉ូជីន​


Posted By Heng Soy to KI Media at 12/01/2011 06:56:00 AM


Posted By kiletters2 to KI-Media2 at 12/01/2011 06:56:00 AM

KI-Media2 KI Media Incompetent, irresponsible leadership has been the cause of Khmer people’s suffering

30 November, 2011

Opinion by Anonymous

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mohrorles.blogspot.com

The grandeur and brilliance of Angkor recalls an age of national harmony and efflorescence in civic sphere and in creative culture that embody the national soul and dignity despite Cambodia’s recent nightmares and turmoils. Tourists and travelers – accustomed to ghastly images of genocide portrayed in the media – struggle to comprehend the country’s current abysmal status in light of its more civilised and distinguished past – School of Vice.

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kh-spy.blogspot.com

Ordinary Khmer ‘citizens’ have no rights as humans to speak of some three decades after having been freed from the clutches of genocide in 1979. The ruling party has generally sought to bind citizens’ allegiance to itself by offering membership based privileges as ‘carrots’ in token measure, and by threatening them with the ‘stick’ of disenfranchisement should their loyalty or allegiance falter. However, in recent years even steadfast loyalty to the ruling CPP has not been enough to exempt many from being tossed off their lands and properties as real estate speculation gathers momentum among tycoons and members of the political elite – School of Vice.

Listening to In Yeng’s songs brings back a lot of good souvenirs of places, friends and friendship in our old Cambodia before the civil wars.

Cambodia has suffered and continues to suffer because of her incompetent, irresponsible and power-hungry leaders!

Looking back into the past 50 years or so and looking at the current political situations, drama and abuses of power and justice plus the arrogance on the part of the current administration in Cambodia, I feel certainly sad and quite disappointed with so many Cambodian political leaders of the past and present who had and have continuously abused the trust of the people and treat them more or less like disposable objects in their business deals with local tycoons and foreigners, either next door or far away, with the sole purpose of maintaining their grips on power and handing it down later to their own flesh in the same way or manner North Korea is doing.

Cambodia is not a property of one Khmer or a group of Khmer people. Let us not forget that Cambodia belongs to all Cambodians who died in the past, live in the present and shall be born in the future. Gaining access to power under the banner of leadership either through the ballot box or force gives one no right to treat her as a personal belonging.

Unity and certainly the willingness to express the desire for changes are rare commodities in Cambodia among her children, especially the middle class who is usually unwilling or indifferent to the concerns of their much poorer brothers and sisters who certainly need the assistance in fighting the injustice of being removed from their homes and land by the government of PM Hun Sen .

What will the future of Cambodia look like, shall we say 30 years from now? Who would dare to guess?

Hopefully the younger generation of Cambodians shall aspire after knowledge and education to the point that they will become informed and willingly participating citizens and thus are willing to hold their usually stupid, arrogant and selfish leaders accountable for their wrong actions and do not put up any more with such irresponsibility and arrogance on the part of those who call themselves Samdach and leaders.

Pissed off


Posted By School of Vice to KI Media at 12/01/2011 05:22:00 AM


Posted By kiletters2 to KI-Media2 at 12/01/2011 06:51:00 AM

KI-Media2 KI Media “Ways to Change Cambodia”: VOA report

30 November, 2011

Gaddafi+-+Hun+Sen+-+Saddam.jpg
“Is Hun Xen a dictator?”

Click the control below to listen to the VOA report:
http://www.archive.org/flow/flowplayer.commercial-3.2.1.swf
Click here to download the audio program in MP3


Posted By Heng Soy to KI Media at 12/01/2011 06:48:00 AM


Posted By kiletters2 to KI-Media2 at 12/01/2011 06:48:00 AM

KI-Media2 KI Media Feature: Freeing Cambodia’s children from work

30 November, 2011

By Karen Emmons in Siem Reap/The Island | ANN

Siem Reap (The Island/ANN) – Nit’s family lives in a shaky thatch hut a short walk from the magnificent Ta Prohm ruins in the Angkor World Heritage Site. Her grandfather abandoned his family 15 years ago, and with no farm land, everyone has done their bit to stay together. Like her mother, aunt and grandmother, Nit now sells bracelets, postcards and magnets to tourists.

The streetwise education of an impoverished 10-year-old means Nit has quickly grasped the imperative of survival maths and emotional marketing. Though not “forced” to work, she knows whatever she earns helps her family buy food. She knows her small size gives her a better chance to earn than her older relations.

The Cambodian government has viable plans to keep children in the formal school system and help make Cambodia free of the worst forms of child labour by 2016. The government has singled out 16 types of work (including selling souvenirs) that it considers hazardous to children younger than 18 and it intends to remove the some 313,000 children estimated to be in those jobs. It’s a goal that labour experts believe is possible, although there is less consensus about the tactics required.

Sometimes the police chase Nit and her young friends to frighten them away. When caught by police, who sometimes destroy their merchandise, Nit says it’s scary and she cries. Others in a huddle of nearly 30 children holding cheap souvenirs express similar thoughts. However, quietly, Nit also mutters her relief – “I’m happy when the police force us away”. Working, she believes, is for adults.

To accommodate all students within its limited infrastructure the Cambodian school system operates with two shifts of only four hours each. So Nit and children like her can – fortunately or not – work half of each day and still make it to school. As well as her uniform and school supplies, Nit also needs money to pay the low-salaried teacher a “gratitude” fee each day and to buy breakfast or snacks. Even if she doesn’t sell anything she can still go to school, she says; she won’t buy food and she’ll owe the teacher.

Still, it’s not easy for them to keep the balance between selling and studying. Nit’s 15-year-old aunt recently quit school to sell magnets and postcards full time. Around 5 per cent of the 2,016 children living in the Angkor complex did not register for the 2010-2011 school year.

For those who do register, getting to school regularly is also tough. Some are too tired. Some get carried away by their selling success. Chan Teou, now 16, started hawking souvenirs outside the Angkor Elephant Terrace when she was 12. “When I sold well I didn’t feel like going to school,” she says. “Going to school you don’t get money, only knowledge”.

Although selling souvenirs among the Angkor temples is considered physically safer than some of the other forms of work that children in Siem Reap town do (such as construction or restaurants, domestic housework, or scavenging at night) it still is not free of shame, especially when foreigners come along with their own children.

“I felt embarrassed chasing after tourists,” explains Teou. But she also felt inadequate when she earned little or nothing. “I felt embarrassed when I didn’t make good business”.

Teou is relieved she no longer has to work to help her family. She is now back in school, one of the newest participants in a programme the International Labour Organization (ILO) is funding to remove children across Cambodia from the worst forms of work by 2016 by helping them return to school. This support can include help with uniforms, books, stationery and in some cases, a bicycle – Teou had dropped out of school again in late 2010 because she had no transport to make the hour-long commute from home.

The ILO programme, variations of which have been used in other countries where child labour is rife, such as Nepal and Pakistan, is only part of a broader effort with other agencies to help the Cambodian government reach its 2016 goal. For example, the World Food Programme also offers a “food scholarship” – 30 kg of rice, 1 dozen cans of tuna, 5 litres of cooking oil, 7 kg of beans and 1 kg of salt per month – to very poor families who keep their children out of work and in school.

Joseph Menacherry, Chief Technical Adviser of the ILO’s International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour, says the 2016 goal sounds “very abstract but is very real”, although he acknowledges that more funding will be needed.

Progress in the fight against child labour will be one of the subjects discussed at the ILO’s Asia Pacific Regional Meeting, which will be held in Kyoto, Japan from 4-7 December 2011. The meeting, which is held only once ever four years, will bring together Governments, employers and workers’ representatives from about 45 countries in the region, to discuss current work-related issues. It will be the first time such policy-makers have met since the global financial and employment crisis began, in 2008.

In addition to the 2016 goal, the Cambodian government has set a preliminary target of 2012 for wiping out the worst forms of child labour in four cities: Kep (scavengers), Poipet (porters), Phnom Penh (flower sellers) and Siem Reap (souvenir sellers, scavengers and shoe-shiners. According to Mr. Menacherry, these preliminary goals have nearly been achieved through a combination of measures that involves listing all children who work, talking with parents, making agreements to send children to school, non-formal learning centres, vocational training for older children and livelihood and microfinance opportunities for parents, and vigilant community monitoring.

In 2008, a baseline survey found around 2,000 working children in Kep; by February 2010 this had been reduced to 350. Similarly in Poipet, the number of working children fell from 1,000 to 350.

Not far from the Angkor complex, a police chase is kicking up dust in the Chom Lung primary school yard, but this one has everyone giggling. It’s a rowdy recess game of police chap chor, or “police-catch-the-thief”, a Cambodian version of tag in which the girls and boys switch between roles.

On a recent morning 13-year-old Theng Sreymak joyously plays on both sides. She is back in school after being pulled out five years ago when her mother took her to Thailand to work cutting sugar cane. Even though her mother sent Sreymak back after a few years, to resume her education, the cousin she lived with made her stay home and bake cakes for selling.

The ILO made a deal with Sreymak’s cousin. She was given her uniform, books and materials and enrolled with seven other children in a special bridge class in the Chom Lung school that allows them to catch up (although Sreymak also joins the Grade 4 class most days because, as she demurely concedes, she is smart enough). At Chom Lung, 31 other former working children have been re-enrolled into regular classes, and children who have never attended school are also being helped with the option of a non-formal education course.

So far in Siem Reap town, 349 children, 179 of them girls, have been removed from work and enrolled in school. Mr. Menacherry believes that, with additional funding and continued will, Nit and children like her will join Sreymak in the classroom. “Come back in 2016 – we’ll show you miracles are possible,” he says.


Posted By Heng Soy to KI Media at 12/01/2011 06:45:00 AM


Posted By kiletters2 to KI-Media2 at 12/01/2011 06:45:00 AM

KI-Media2 KI Media Golden memories . . .

30 November, 2011

Snae Oun Tang Pbee Kmaeng – by In Yeng

Pka kyom som snaeh – by Ros Serey Sothea & In Yeng


Posted By School of Vice to KI Media at 12/01/2011 02:12:00 AM


Posted By kiletters2 to KI-Media2 at 12/01/2011 02:32:00 AM

KI-Media2 KI Media Following the Ghost(s) of “Uncle Ho”

30 November, 2011
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Vietnamese commuters pass a billboard with the portrait of former communist leader Ho Chi Minh, in Ho Chi Minh City, formerly Saigon – Richard Vogel / AP

“Uncle Ho said people were the masters and, the government only a servant of the people. We are following his definition that the government is for the people, by the people, of the people,”

“Treasured is the image of a humble, simple-living father figure. The purges and other ruthless deeds of his regime are ignored, not known or unacknowledged”.

Vietnam may be striding toward a capitalist future but it still clings to the memory of a communist leader born 115 years ago in a thatched, dirt-floor hut ringed by rice fields.

Among communism’s giants, Mao Zedong is played down in China, Stalin is reviled and Lenin has lost his luster in Russia, but the red star of Ho Chi Minh still shines brightly in Vietnam.

His portrait — gaunt and goateed — hangs in millions of homes and offices, including those of foreign companies. Children and senior officials get big doses of “Uncle Ho’s” teachings.

And his birthplace in this central Vietnam village is probably the country’s prime pilgrimage site. Each year, some 1.5 million people reverentially view the simple rustic dwellings where he was born and spent his boyhood. Visitors also flock to the museum where the likeness of this man who espoused an atheistic doctrine is enshrined over a Buddhist altar clouded by incense.

Visitors swell during special times. In the days leading up to Saturday’s celebrations on the 30th anniversary of the Vietnam War’s end, hundreds of veterans, their chests ablaze with red and gold medals, have been arriving from across the country.

But the influence Ho wields goes beyond that of the historical figure who led the Vietnamese to victory over France and then the United States — making possible the unification of North and South Vietnam six years after his death in 1969.
‘Main ideology’

“Ho Chi Minh’s thoughts remain the main ideology, actions and policy of the communist party and people of Vietnam,” said Tran Khac Viet of the Ho Chi Minh National Political Academy, which schools the country’s ruling elite.

Ticking off Vietnam’s core directions, the political scientist argued each was embedded in Ho’s thought. What about the country’s embrace of free market economics? “In his will, Ho Chi Minh said he wanted to see Vietnam a much more prosperous country,” Viet said.

Vietnam becoming a more open, democratic society in the future? “Uncle Ho said people were the masters and, the government only a servant of the people. We are following his definition that the government is for the people, by the people, of the people,” Viet said.

The country’s continuing communist political system, the rapid transformation of an agriculture-based economy into an industrialized one, an open door to foreign investment and the Internet also are justified by Ho’s interpreted texts and myth.

Ho is decidedly less popular in the former South Vietnam, and it’s doubtful that the younger generation in the north — especially the urbanized segment — spends a great deal of time meditating on Ho.

But indications are that a 2000 survey of the post-war generation by Youth Magazine still holds true. In that poll, Ho was voted the person they most revered, followed by Vo Nguyen Giap, the “Red Napoleon” who defeated the French at Dien Bien Phu and at age 93 the last of the old guard still alive.

The magazine’s poll issue, which authorities promptly removed from the stands, also said that Microsoft founder Bill Gates was seven times more admired than anyone in the party’s Politburo and that many young people couldn’t name the country’s leaders.

Father figure

The founder in 1930 of Vietnam’s communist party, Ho is certainly more popular among the rising generation than communism itself, many foreign experts say. The young, still nationalistic, focus on Ho as father of the country, the man who sundered the foreign yoke.

The purges and other ruthless deeds of his regime are ignored, not known or unacknowledged. Treasured is the image of a humble, simple-living father figure. Having posters of pop star Britney Spears next to one of Uncle Ho, as they do in Hanoi, poses no contradiction.

The sentiments of the older generation in the north, those who suffered through decades of conflict and deprivation while Ho led the country, are less equivocal.

“Every Vietnamese loves him. I didn’t know much about Ho when I was young but when he called I followed. Everybody did,” said Do Van Viet, a 75-year-old veteran, paying his respects at Ho’s birthplace.

The medalled ex-colonel fought against the French and Americans and was wounded eight times. But his proudest moments, the old warrior said, were meeting Ho on four occasions.

Source: Associated Press


Posted By School of Vice to KI Media at 12/01/2011 01:17:00 AM


Posted By kiletters2 to KI-Media2 at 12/01/2011 01:30:00 AM

KI-Media2 KI Media Cambodian garment workers strike at big brand supplier

30 November, 2011

PHNOM PENH | Wed Nov 30, 2011

PHNOM PENH (Reuters) – Cambodian garment workers went on strike on Monday at a factory producing clothing for global brands Gap, J.C. Penney (JCP.N) and Old Navy, demanding that the plant reinstates suspended trade union representatives.

Garment-making has been Cambodia’s main manufacturing industry as it recovers from decades of conflict. Last year, the sector grew 28 percent and contributed more than $3 billion towards the country’s $11 billion economy.

It employs 300,000 people, many of them women, at scores of factories, owned mostly by Chinese and Taiwanese companies but it has seen its share of industrial action over pay and conditions.

The president of the Workers Friendship Union Federation said the strike would go on until the South Korean-owned factory, Cambo Handsome Ltd, on the outskirts of Phnom Penh, took back three union representatives suspended after one of them was accused of stealing two T-shirts.

The company should also withdraw what he called the trumped up charges against them.

“This is a plan by the company to remove union leaders who had advocated for better conditions,” union president Sieng Sambath told Reuters.

He said about 1,000 workers were on strike but a representative of Cambo Handsome’s parent company, Hansoll Textile, said only about 300 workers were out in front of the factory.

Van Rin, 31, one of the three suspended unionists, said the factory had singled him out because he was promoting workers’ rights.

“Even when I went to the toilet, they followed me and took pictures, they warned workers not to talk to me and said they would not get a raise,” Van Rin said.

The representative of Hansoll Textile denied that.

A representative of Cambo Handsome denied fabricating charges and said one of the unionists had been caught stealing T-shirts.

“The strike is illegal because they didn’t inform the authorities,” said the representative, who declined to be identified.

The representative confirmed that the plant produces garments for the Gap, JC Penny and Old Navy brands.

Cambodian factories also produce clothes for the likes of Nike Inc, Marks and Spencer Group PLC, Tesco PLC, H & M Hennes & Mauritz AB, Puma, Next Plc and Inditex.

(Reporting by Prak Chan Thul; Editing by Robert Birsel)


Posted By Heng Soy to KI Media at 11/30/2011 11:45:00 PM


Posted By kiletters2 to KI-Media2 at 11/30/2011 11:45:00 PM

KI-Media2 KI Media Flyer from Voice of Khmer Nationalist

30 November, 2011


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KI-Media2 KI Media Son Sann’s 100th birthday commemoration on 05 October 2011

30 November, 2011


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KI-Media2 KI Media Protest for union trio continues

30 November, 2011
Cambo+Handsome+workers+strike+%2528PPP%2529.jpg
Workers strike yesterday outside the Cambo Handsome garment factory in Phnom Penh. (Photo by: Mai Vireak)

Wednesday, 30 November 2011
Tep Nimol and Vincent MacIsaac
The Phnom Penh Post

Workers and managers at Cambo Handsome 1 garment factory were continuing discussions last night after a fourth day of protest in which union leaders said more than 20 employees were injured in a confrontation with police.

The workers are protesting against the suspension of three union leaders at the Korean-owned facility, which was triggered by the alleged theft by a union leader last Friday of two T-shirts bound for outlets of The Gap.

“The talks could go late and resume in the morning,” David Kim, an executive at Hansoll Textile’s Seoul headquarters, told the Post yesterday afternoon. Hansoll, which has garment factories in seven countries, owns Cambo Handsome Ltd, which has five factories in Cambodia, employing more than 7,000 workers in total, according to Hansoll.

The dispute, at one of Cambo Handsome’s two factories in the capital’s Dangkor district, began after Van Rin, director of the Labour Friendship Union at the factory, was detained by a security guard for allegedly stealing the two T-shirts during his lunch break.

“We have been in touch with The Gap office and we have updated them on the situation,” Kim said. He dismissed reports that more than 20 women had been injured in a confrontation with district police yesterday morning as “a rumour”.

Sieng Sambath, president of the Federation of Friendship Unions, told the Post the women had, in fact, sustained minor injuries after police blocked them from marching from the factory to the Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training and Prime Minister Hun Sen’s Cabinet to ask for intervention in the dispute.

He said nearly 2,000 workers had marched but were blocked by 50 to 70 police at about 8am. Company officials claim union representatives exaggerated the number of protesters tenfold.

“Police kicked and used electric batons to attack the female workers and block the demonstration,” Sea Sambath said. “More than 20 women were hit on their limbs, back and chest, but none of them sustained serious injuries,” he said.

Dangkor district deputy governor Hem Darith denied police had used force. “The police just pushed the workers not to march because it would cause a traffic jam,” Hem Darith said. “We were obligated to prevent them from marching because it was an illegal demonstration.”

Yesterday was the fourth day of the dispute. Workers are demanding that the theft charge against Van Rin be dropped and that two other union leaders who were subsequently suspended be reinstated. They are also demanding that the company provide them with a transportation allowance and that its security guards be replaced.

Labour Friendship Union vice director Yi Davi, and the vice director of the Cambodian Labor Union, Yi Davuth, were suspended for demanding better working conditions at the factory, union leaders have said.

Cambo Handsome disputes this. “These two unionists were suspended for instigating and threatening other workers to [get] involved in an illegal strike,” Soon Hyung Jo, manager for corporate social responsibility at the company told the Post in an email. They “instigated the workers at Cambo Handsome 1 for many hours by shouting onsite and causing a huge obstruction of our production,” he said. He also disputed workers’ reports that Van Rim had been framed by a security guard who inserted the two Gap T-shirts under the seat of his motorbike.

The conflict with union leaders is not the first at the factory. “The Cambodian Workers Force Democratic Federation Union reported cases of intimidation against its members at the Cambo Handsome 1 garment factory,” according to the Annual Survey of Violations of Trade Union Rights compiled by the International Trade Union Confederations.


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